Watch Repairs_Martins of Glasgow

A Basic Guide to the Different Types of Watch Repairs

A watch is an intricate device that’s designed to be accurate every second of every day. Maintaining this synchronicity requires regular maintenance but not every watch repair is as simple as changing the battery.

We outline some of the most common types of watch repairs that can be undertaken.

Watch Repairs: What Is and Isn’t Possible

  • Battery replacement. One of the most obvious reasons why a watch stops working is because the battery has died. Changing the battery means the watch case will need to be opened. If you have a waterproof timepiece, it will need to be professionally resealed and pressure tested.
  • Strap replacement. Any type of strap can either be replaced or repaired. Metal straps can be refinished and polished to look new. If the strap is leather and has experienced severe wear and tear, it will need to be replaced completely.
  • Water damage. Watches and moisture don’t mix. If your timepiece has been exposed to water and is left untreated, it will eventually rust both inside and out. If rust ends up damaging most of the internal parts, it can result in quite a costly repair bill. If your watch has been exposed to water, there may be droplets on the inside of the glass. To prevent water damage, make sure that your crown is never un-screwed when you submerge your watch in water. Naturally, if it isn’t waterproof, don’t submerge it in water at all.
  • Crown replacement. The crown is what is used to adjust the date and time of a watch. The stem is directly connected to the smaller internal parts of the watch. If it becomes loose or hard to turn, it’s best to get it repaired or replaced. Along with it falling off or being difficult to use, if you hear a rattling noise, it could also be a sign that the crown needs attention.
  • Glass replacement. The glass face is what protects all of the inner mechanisms of the watch from dust, moisture and general damage. It’s not uncommon for the glass to become scratched over time, which can affect the general appearance of your timepiece. At some point or another, the face of your watch will probably need to be replaced.
  • Dial and hand replacement. It is possible for the dial and hands to become damaged over time. If or when this does happen, the timepiece will need to be opened in order for this to be replaced.
  • Mechanical overhaul. This is a very intricate repair process that requires several hours. The aim is to get the watch back to its “good as new” state. In most instances, a manual overhaul will provide your watch with a warranty of at least 1 year. During an overhaul, the entire watch is dismantled, which means the internal mechanism is removed and all parts of cleaned and oiled. Once the timepiece has been rebuilt, the seals will be replaced and any necessary pressure tests will be carried out.

These are the main types of watch repairs that you can request for your favourite watches. If your timepieces are investments, it’s essential that you always take them to a reputable repairer. Be sure to look at their experience and what past customers have to say.

Winding a Watch_Martins of Glasgow Watch Repairs

Winding a Watch: A Look at the Dos and Don’ts

When it comes to winding a watch, you need to consider the type of timepiece you have first. Manually winding a watch isn’t complex, you will feel resistance once it’s fully wound. However, older watches aren’t always designed to prevent the mainspring from being overwound.

Automatic vs. Manual Winding Watches

Both manual and automatic watches have a complete mechanical mechanism that keeps the watch operational. Neither requires a battery – both types rely on the mainspring for power.

Winding a watch is what gives this mainspring its power and this can either be done by hand or automatically.

As the name suggests, a manual watch needs to be wound by hand. By not winding it, eventually, your timepiece will stop working.

An automatic watch has a mechanism that will automatically wind the mainspring for you. The movement of your arm and wrist, as well as the weighted rotor inside the watch, is what powers this process. An automatic watch will give you around 38 hours of power, provided you wear it all day and only take it off at night.

Recommended Read: Understanding the Different Types of Watch Repairs

Winding a Watch – Is It Possible to Over Do It?

If you have an automatic watch, it’s not possible to overwind it. If the watch has full power, the rotor inside the timepiece will simply stop spinning. Automatic watches are designed to stop powering the mainspring when it can’t be wound anymore. It’s not possible to over-wind an automatic timepiece.

If you have a manual timepiece, it’s important to keep your watch fully wound if you want to enjoy maximum power. Fully winding a manual watch won’t damage it – the parts are relatively tough and quite difficult to break. If you won’t be wearing your watch for a few days, keeping it fully wound will retain all the watch settings.

The only time that you can end up breaking a manual watch is if you ignore the watch resistance and keep winding. If your watch was already in a poor condition, it is possible to over-wind it without knowing it.

Winding a Manual Watch: How Often & How Much?

A manual watch needs to be wound every morning or evening. Most manual watches will last for about 40 hours, so if you had to forget to wind it for a day or two, it will stop working. Some high-end watches can last up to 70 hours, so winding won’t be necessary every single day.

Most watches will reach maximum power by winding the crown 30 to 40 times but this can vary. The minute you feel resistance, the watch is fully wound. If your watch is new and you’re feeling unsure, aim to wind the crown 30 times to start with and work your way up from there.

When cared for correctly, your timepieces can last for years to come.

Buying a Vintage Rolex Watch_Martins of Glasgow

Professional Tips for Buying a Vintage Rolex Watch the Right Way

Owning a vintage Rolex watch is an aspiration for many but actually finding the right watch isn’t always the easiest. Investing in a watch is not a process that you should rush, especially if it’s something you’ve been wanting to do for some time.

We have put together a few tips that will ensure you find the right Rolex.

5 Tips for Shopping for a Vintage Rolex

  1. Know how to spot the fakes

Unfortunately, there are a vast number of fake Rolex watches in the market today and knowing how to spot a real versus a fake Rolex is one of the first things you should know as a buyer. Over time, the quality of fake timepieces has improved, making it even harder to spot the real deal. It is always preferable if a watch is accompanied with its original documents, and maybe its box. But this is not always possible. One of the most important features you will want to look at when evaluating one of these timepieces is the dial. The dial is the most intricate feature and can tell you a lot about whether or not the watch is real. The downside is that in order to make this distinction, you will need to know a bit about the brand as well as the era that particular watch was produced in. If this is not your forte, rather speak to a professional before you invest.

  1. Look for weathered features

A Rolex is built to be durable, which is why they age so well. Rugged and worn features are what make a vintage watch so appealing and attractive. A true vintage Rolex will more than likely have one or two quirks about it such as a faded dial or worn bezel, so keep an eye out for these features if you’re looking for a watch with real character.

  1. Ask as many questions as you need to

Since you’re about to make a big financial commitment, take the time to ask as many questions as you need to about the timepiece you are interested in. There really is no such thing as a stupid question if it means you’ll be satisfied with your purchase. Some of the key questions that you’ll want to ask include when last the watch was serviced, whether or not the seller can provide you with all the documentation and how well it keeps time. The more a seller can tell you about the history of a watch, the better.

  1. Know your price point

The price range of a vintage Rolex can be quite vast and the last thing you want to do is find a watch that you absolutely love that’s outside of your budget. Set your budget from the get-go to make it easier to narrow down your search. You may even want to start by outlining the brands and features you are interested in and then setting a budget accordingly if this purchase is important to you.

  1. Pay attention to the details

This is where you can really tell if you’re about to purchase a real vintage Rolex. There are a lot of intricate features to pay attention to. As mentioned, the dial is one of them but you can also look at aspects such as whether or not the bracelet has stretched from being worn over the years. A fake watch will have a much newer look to it than a genuine vintage piece.

Now that you know what to look out for, you can start your search for the perfect vintage Rolex to add to your collection. This is also the perfect timepiece if you’re looking to start your collection this year.

Buying a Pocket Watch_Martins of Glasgow

A First Timer’s Guide to Buying a Pocket Watch: What You Should Know

Many people think that all pocket watches are created equal but this isn’t the case. There are hundreds of different picket watches but knowing what to look for will help you narrow down your choices and choose one that’s right for you.

Pocket Watch Shopping 101

Here are a few things you’ll want to consider as you start your search for the perfect pocket watch.

  • Brand. Before you start reviewing your options, do some research on pocket watch brands. There are a number of different manufacturers and you should be able to find enough reviews and information online to decide which brands you would like to look at.
  • Style. The style of a pocket watch refers to the lines and materials. It’s also important to keep in mind that a pocket watch is designed to be worn within a pocket, so you want to avoid materials that won’t get scratched very easily. Choosing between silver, gold, bronze, platinum and stainless steel will also fall under the style of the watch.
  • Analog or digital. Digital pocket watches display the time numerically, while analog watches have hands and need to be read. Analog pocket watches are generally the more popular choice.
  • Before you start shopping around, decide what you would be willing to spend on a watch. Setting your budget beforehand ensures you don’t fall in love with a timepiece that’s out of your price range.
  • Band, chain or strap. Next, you will want to decide how you would prefer to attach the pocket watch to your pants or vest. Bands, chains and straps are all options and each offers a different type of look.
  • Mechanics. Because you’ll want your pocket watch to last for years to come, it helps to learn a bit more about the inner workings. You can refer to reviews to find out more about which brands are most reliable. If you will be purchasing a second-hand watch, speak to the seller about the mechanics as well as the service history of the piece. Overall, metal gears are a much better choice.
  • Usage. How do you plan to use your pocket watch? If it will be an everyday accessory, you’ll want to focus on functionality. If you plan to only wear it on special occasions, you could focus more on the style. If you will be adding the watch to a collection, take your time to find something truly unique.
  • Age. If you are looking for a vintage pocket watch, age will be important. Anything older than 75 is considered vintage and will cost more.
  • Hinged vs. open face. Some pocket watches have hinges and a cover, while others have an open face and will always have the time on display. One drawback of open face options is that the watch face can be damaged more easily.

When choosing a pocket watch, keep in mind that this is an investment. It’s something that you can pass down to your children or grandchildren so take your time to choose a piece that speaks to you.

Tips for Taking Care of a Watch_Martins of Glasgow

Tips to Help You Take Better Care of Your Favourite Watch

When you look after a watch, you retain its appearance, extend its life and can gain real value from it. Watches are complex and consist of a number of small parts that all play an integral role in its functionality.

We have put together a few tips that will help you take better care of your most loved timepieces.

  • Clean It Regularly

Make a point of cleaning your watch on a regular basis by using a soft cloth to remove any dust from the case. Baby wipes or soapy water and a toothbrush are great for getting rid of stubborn dirt but if you’re dealing with more than just dust, it’s always better to have your watch cleaned professionally, especially if you’re not sure how water resistant your watch is.

  • Have Any Damage Checked By a Professional

You use your arms and hands to do a lot every single day, which means your watch is always at risk of being damaged. While most watches do have an anti-shock system in place, damage can still occur. If your watch is showing damage on the outside, it’s best to have it checked by a professional to ensure everything is still working as it should.

  • Be Careful with Chemicals

Ideally, your watch shouldn’t come into contact with chemicals and perfumes. Certain chemicals can damage both the case and the seals. If your timepiece has a leather strap, this could get damaged too. If you do spray cologne or perfume, wait for the area to dry before you put your watch on.

  • Change Those Batteries

If you have a quartz watch, you will need to have your battery changed once it has been depleted. Over time, you may need to change your battery more often. Mainly because lubrication oils thicken and electronic components age. If your watch is also water-resistant, make a point of testing that functionality on a regular basis too.

  • Don’t Leave It Idle

It’s highly recommended that you don’t let a watch stand idle or unwound for prolonged periods of time. The oils in a watch that keep all of the parts running smoothly only have the right effect when the watch is actually running.

  • Don’t Expose Your Timepiece to Magnets

While it’s not uncommon for a watch to be around magnets, it’s ideal if they’re not exposed to strong magnetic fields for prolonged periods of time. A sign that your watch is reacting to magnets is if it gains time.

  • Read the Manual

Reading a watch user manual might not sound like the most exciting thing in the world but it can help prolong the life of your favourite timepiece. By reading through the user manual, you can also avoid mistakes that could lead to damage or general functionality issues.

If at any point something goes wrong with your watch, don’t try and open it yourself – you could end up causing even more damage. Always have your watch repaired by a professional.

How to Buy a Vintage Watch_Martins of Glasgow

Key Questions to Ask Before You Buy a Vintage Watch

While it can be exciting to purchase a one-of-a-kind watch, there are a lot of potential pitfalls to be aware of.

Knowing what questions to ask a watch dealer will ensure you’re buying a quality product and that you’re getting your money’s worth.

If you’re new to the world of vintage watches, it can be difficult to know what to look out for but the below guidelines will provide you with some essential insights.

Ask These Questions Before You Buy a Vintage Watch

  • Are there any scratches or rust present on the movement?

The movement ensures that a watch works correctly, so if it’s damaged, you won’t be getting much use out of your new timepiece. If there is any damage, you should be able to get a reduced price but the watch will need to be serviced if you want to restore it to its former glory.

  • Does the watch have a service history?

Reputable watch dealers will be able to show you a service history for the timepiece you’re interested in. Having access to a service history will give you added peace of mind that the watch is in good condition.

  • Does the watch have original parts?

If a watch still has all of its original parts, it’s far more valuable. Ask the reseller to go into detail about any parts that have been replaced as there are certain components that are more important and are better as originals.

  • Is there a record of ownership?

The more information you have about a vintage watch, the better, and asking about the history of ownership will provide you with additional information. Not necessarily information that will make a difference to the functionality of the watch but information that’s interesting. And who knows, the watch may even have belonged to someone famous.

  • Is the timepiece currently keeping good time?

Find out how well a watch is currently working before you purchase it. While some watches work perfectly if they’re cared for correctly, others can develop issues over time. Knowing whether the watch it currently keeping good time will tell you how much work will need to be carried out if you purchase it.

  • What is the cosmetic condition of the watch?

The cosmetic condition of the watch is another aspect to consider before you purchase a vintage timepiece. Look at the appearance of the dial, case, hands and glass because if there are any issues, these should be addressed first.

  • What information can you give me about the watch strap?

The mechanics of the watch are vitally important but it’s still worth asking about the watch strap too. The older a watch is, the less chance it still has its original strap. Finding out more about the strap will tell you how much work it might need.

These are just a few of the most important questions you should ask before you invest in a vintage watch. Taking the time to find a reputable dealer will also provide you with additional peace of mind.

Watch Pressure Testing_Martins of Glasgow

Watch Pressure Testing: A Look at How It’s Done

A watch pressure test not only ensures that your favourite watch is still water resistant but that it meets manufacturer specifications after being repaired.

This test is generally required when a new battery is fitted or the glass, pusher or winder is replaced, all of which is essential to the level of water resistance.

When a watch is manufactured, a seal is applied to the glass, case back as well as the buttons and pushers. As a watch ages, these seals can begin to wear out, particularly if they need to be removed In order to repair a watch. However, whenever a watch is repaired, it can be re-sealed and a pressure test can be performed.

If the seals of the watch start to dry out and crack, the rubber can be replaced. However, if they are in good condition, the correct greases can be applied to maintain them,

The Basics of Watch Pressure Testing

There are two types of pressure tests that can be performed on a watch.

Water Pressure Test

To test a watch using water, it is first placed in a pocket of air and placed inside a pressurised water testing tank. Once the watch is submerged, the air pressure is gradually released. If there was any air inside the watch, it will try to equalise with the pressure outside the watch, resulting in a stream of bubbles coming out of the leak. If no bubbles appear, it means the watch is airtight. The watch can be tested at different depths too.

The water pressure test does take longer than an air test but it is known to be more accurate and makes it easier to spot which seal has been compromised. A pressure test can be performed in about half an hour so it’s really quick.

Air Pressure Test

Also known as a vacuum test, an air test is completed using a podium that is placed inside an air testing machine. A fine needle is placed on the centre of the watch face before the test can commence. Air is then removed from the machine which creates a vacuum around the timepiece. Again, the air inside the watch will equalise with the pressure outside, which will bend the glass of the watch ever so slightly, which is measured by the needle. For the next few seconds, this measurement needs to be monitored for changes. If the measurement changes, it indicates there’s an air leak. If no change occurs, the watch is airtight.

The air test is also very quick but if the watch has very thick glass, it can make this test more difficult to perform. If the glass is naturally curved, the test results will also be inaccurate.

Before you have your watch repaired, find out whether a pressure test will be performed prior to you collecting it.

The 5 Rarest Watches Ever Made & Sold

When it comes to collecting vintage watches, it’s all about finding something rare and unique. A higher price is generally one of the indicators that a watch is rarer than most, so it comes as no surprise that some of the rarest watches have been auctioned off for a high sum.

Rolex 4113_Rare Watches

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How to Get Your Money’s Worth When Buying Second-Hand Jewellery

Affordability is one of the main reasons why people choose to purchase second-hand jewellery but finding quality pieces at the right price can sometimes be tricky, especially if you’ve never purchased second-hand jewellery before.

Tips for Buying Second Hand Jewellery

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Watch Straps – How Daring Are You?

For some, watch straps & bracelets are merely functional. Others choose their watch strap carefully to reflect their style and personality.  If you’re in the latter category, what watch strap should you choose and how daring are you?

watch straps

 

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